gentoo emerge command


emerge -uDN system ( world )

升級完世界 把多餘的東西砍掉

emerge --depclean

檢查 library 一致?


用vmware , frame buffer I/O很慢 , 要加 -q

安裝被keywords mark起來的ebuild

把 ebuild 名稱加到 /etc/portage/package.keywords 就可以了

在 /etc/make.conf 加 ACCEPT_KEYWORDS=”~amd64″

裝特定版本的 package

emerge =www-servers/apache-2.x.x
cd /
mount -t proc proc /mnt/gentoo/proc
mount -o bind /dev /mnt/gentoo/dev
cp -L /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/gentoo/etc/
chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash
env-update && source /etc/profile

[gentoo] 排除舊的 lib 相容問題

 * Messages for package sys-devel/libtool-2.2.6b:

 * Old versions of installed libraries were detected on your system.
 * In order to avoid breaking packages that depend on these old libs,
 * the libraries are not being removed.  You need to run revdep-rebuild
 * in order to remove these old dependencies.  If you do not have this
 * helper program, simply emerge the 'gentoolkit' package.
 *   # revdep-rebuild --library
 * Once you've finished running revdep-rebuild, it should be safe to
 * delete the old libraries.  Here is a copy & paste for the lazy:
 *   # rm '/usr/lib64/'

下了 revdep-rebuild –library 會

 * Configuring search environment for revdep-rebuild

 * Checking reverse dependencies
 * Packages containing binaries and libraries using
 * will be emerged.

 * Collecting system binaries and libraries
 * Generated new 1_files.rr
 * Checking dynamic linking
[ 55% ]  *   found /usr/lib64/apache2/modules/
[ 80% ]  *   found /usr/lib64/php5/bin/php
[ 100% ]
 * Generated new 3_broken.rr
 * Assigning files to packages
 *   /usr/lib64/apache2/modules/ -> dev-lang/php
 *   /usr/lib64/php5/bin/php -> dev-lang/php
 * Generated new 4_raw.rr and 4_owners.rr
 * Cleaning list of packages to rebuild
 * Generated new 4_pkgs.rr
 * Assigning packages to ebuilds
 * Generated new 4_ebuilds.rr
 * Evaluating package order
 * Generated new 5_order.rr
 * All prepared. Starting rebuild
emerge --oneshot  dev-lang/php:5

[monster] 記錄 / memo / ubuntu / 裝 圖形介面 / GUI / gnome desktop / ip address / setting

昨天晚上去一位朋友公司幫忙用他們的 server , 回來就想要做幾件事:

1. 記錄一下自己的 server 某些重要檔案, 也可供其他人參考

2. 備份重要 file

3. 隨時準備好最新版的救援CD/Live CD/Live USB , 最新版的 Monster LAMP pack 也要燒好收著.

4. 準備一個 “萬用” 含各類 driver 的 linux kernel , 以供救援使用.

5. 搞懂 booting steps / GRUB setting


root@park:~# cat /etc/fstab

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
# Use 'vol_id --uuid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).

proc            /proc           proc    defaults        0       0
# / was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=46312252-8925-4e60-ab5f-af240b4b440f /               ext3    relatime,errors=remount-ro 0       1
# swap was on /dev/sda5 during installation
UUID=bf9a64f1-3eb8-433c-8311-8d971be82dc2 none            swap    sw              0       0
/dev/scd0       /media/cdrom0   udf,iso9660 user,noauto,exec,utf8 0       0

service / daemon 管理工具

sysv-rc-conf text based utility :

sudo apt-get install sysv-rc-conf

另一套 GUI

sudo apt-get install gnome-system-tools gdm 是裝這個 apt-get install rcconf

列出 runlevels 的 program : chkconfig

裝 圖形介面 / GUI / gnome desktop

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-desktop --no-install-recommends

啟動 desktop manager :

/etc/init.d/gdm start

stop x server / 關掉 x window: /etc/init.d/gdm stop

改 IP address

cat /etc/network/interfaces
# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).

# The loopback network interface
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

# The primary network interface
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
        # dns-* options are implemented by the resolvconf package, if installed

重新啟動 networking
/etc/init.d/networking restart

若要使用 DHCP 的話

auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp

加上 default route


或另一個 static route

up route add -net netmask gw

change host name:

改 /etc/hostname
改 /etc/hosts

若是用 vmware 之類的軟體導致 clone 出來的 ubuntu 網路 interface 跑掉, 可以砍掉 
後 reboot , 就可以解決了.

裝新的 過程記錄

2009.0724 emerge 這些 packages:

time emerge -av gentoo-sources lilo vim bind vixie-cron syslog-ng dhcpcd xfsprogs openssh samba net-fs/nfs-utils portmap postfix screen ntp cronolog  net-mail/mpack app-arch/sharutils unzip net-dns/bind net-dns/bind-tools net-ftp/ftp net-misc/netkit-telnetd net-analyzer/trafshow net-analyzer/tcpdump net-analyzer/traceroute

kernel compile options

<*> Serial ATA (prod) and Parallel ATA (experimental) drivers  —>
<*>     Intel ESB, ICH, PIIX3, PIIX4 PATA/SATA support

This option enables support for ICH5/6/7/8 Serial ATA
and support for PATA on the Intel ESB/ICH/PIIX3/PIIX4 series
host controllers.

[*]   Ethernet (1000 Mbit)  —>
<*>   Realtek 8169 gigabit ethernet support

oasis ~ # uname -a
Linux oasis 2.6.29-gentoo-r5 #3 SMP PREEMPT Mon Jul 27 11:39:51 CST 2009 x86_64 Intel(R) Atom(TM) CPU 330 @ 1.60GHz GenuineIntel GNU/Linux

oasis ~ # file /bin/bash
/bin/bash: ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, version 1 (SYSV), for GNU/Linux 2.6.9, dynamically linked (uses shared libs), stripped


CFLAGS="-O2 -pipe"
CXXFLAGS="-O2 -pipe"


USE="mmx sse sse2 -cups -ipv6 ssl apache2 berkdb cjk cli crypt curl gd gdbm iconv mysql mysqli ncurses nls pcre readline reflection session spell spl truetype unicode xml zlib ssl hash calendar json simplexml"

hdparm -tT /dev/sda


Timing cached reads:   1080 MB in  2.00 seconds = 539.97 MB/sec

Timing buffered disk reads:  196 MB in  3.01 seconds =  65.19 MB/sec

processor       : 3
vendor_id       : GenuineIntel
cpu family      : 6
model           : 28
model name      : Intel(R) Atom(TM) CPU  330   @ 1.60GHz
stepping        : 2
cpu MHz         : 1596.135
cache size      : 512 KB
physical id     : 0
siblings        : 4
core id         : 0
cpu cores       : 2
apicid          : 1
initial apicid  : 1
fpu             : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level     : 10
wp              : yes
flags           : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx lm constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good pni dtes64 monitor ds_cpl tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm lahf_lm
bogomips        : 3192.15
clflush size    : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes   : 32 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
power management:
gcc --version gcc (Gentoo 4.3.2-r3 p1.6, pie-10.1.5) 4.3.2 

php --version
PHP 5.2.10-pl0-gentoo (cli) (built: Aug  7 2009 19:23:18)
Copyright (c) 1997-2009 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v2.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2009 Zend Technologies

mysql --version
mysql  Ver 14.12 Distrib 5.0.67, for unknown-linux-gnu (x86_64) using readline 5.1

裝 dev-php5/pecl-memcache 有點問題



在 /etc/portage/package.keywords 加上


gentoo NFS

在 gentoo 要裝 NFS client 要裝

emerge -av net-fs/nfs-utils portmap

/etc/init.d/portmap start

EDIT: /etc/fstab 加一行     /m1 nfs rw,addr=172.30.0.xx    0 0

有 showmount 可以看 NFS 有 export 那些 directory 出來